Reintegration into the facts. What rules will live on occupied Donbass
The first three days of the New year MPs spent on the adoption of the document, which made a lot of noise in the previous year – of the law on reintegration of the occupied territories of Donbass.
The document allows the use of the Armed forces and other military forces without a Declaration of martial law, greatly expands the rights of ATO participants and creates an entirely new body that will enjoy unprecedented power in the occupied territories. The main debatable issue in the past year was legislative recognition of the Minsk process. This paragraph of text was removed.
The second reading deputies have submitted almost 700 amendments, 500 of which have successfully failed. This time the vote took place peacefully, without blocking the rostrum of Parliament, and smoke bombs.
The government recognized the Russian Federation occupier of Donbass and Crimea, and this thesis has rallied allies – “Self-help”, “Fatherland” and “Radical party”. “The opposition bloc” and “Revival” have given only one vote. In General, the document was supported by 280 deputies. What you need to know about the new law and how it will affect every Ukrainian, briefly on TSN.ia.
Who is the author and why took so long?
In the spring of last year in the presidential Administration has allocated two center writing a draft law on de-occupation Secretary of the national security Council Oleksandr Turchynov and President Petro Poroshenko. First offered aggressive policy towards the occupied territories, the second is exclusively peaceful return.
As told by senior sources, Turchinov pedal early establishment of the joint staff. Secretary of the national security Council did not like that security agencies in the area of ATO do not have the coordination, and sometimes even fight among themselves.
Poroshenko, in turn, has focused on agreements with international partners. The President was worried that a categorical formulation against Russia could harm Ukraine’s relations with the West.
Away from the “Russian world”. The reaction of politicians and experts on the adoption of the law on the return of the Donbass
All summer discussion of strategy for the return of Donbass continued exclusively behind the scenes. The deputies first saw the achievements of the power of lawyers in September last year.
At the time of adoption of the bill on the reintegration of Donbass in the first reading the official author was the President of Ukraine. Turchinov reported on it before the vote.
The second reading of the document was amended in the Committee of the Verkhovna Rada concerning national security and defense.
“Popular front” – a political force, which includes Turchynov insisted that the bill finally adopted before the end of 2017.
However, consideration was delayed because of the hostage exchange that took place before the New year. Close to the President claim that the adoption of the law on Donbass with a clear anti-Russian language could prevent the release of illegally detained Ukrainians.
What is contained in the law?
The law on reintegration, or as it is called on de-occupation – Russian Federation to recognize the country-the occupier of certain territories of Donetsk and Lugansk region, Crimea and Sevastopol city. In the text of the law States that the effective control over these territories is not Ukraine, “the government of the Russian Federation”. In fact, the responsibility for moral and material damages imposed on Russia.
Instead of the anti-terrorist operation in the document the term “measures to ensure national security and defense, resistance and containment of armed aggression of the Russian Federation”.
The adopted law provides the opportunity to use the Armed forces of Ukraine and special equipment in the occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions without formal introduction of martial law. In urgent cases the document provides for special measures in the occupied areas. Military personnel, law enforcement officers and other persons involved in the implementation of measures to ensure national security, can use weapons, to check the documents of citizens and officials, to conduct a personal examination of things, vehicles, restrict the movement of people. In addition, they can penetrate private residential or other premises, use of official purposes means of communication and vehicles belonging to citizens, enterprises, institutions and organizations.
Created a joint operations headquarters. Relatively speaking, this is a large operations centre for the control of the occupied territories, which will be entrusted with the entire military and political-economic power in the region. He will be subject to all military forces in the region.
In the case of the introduction of martial law the military and civilian administration replaced the military, which will be directly subordinate to it created operational headquarters.
To manage the operational headquarters will be commander of the United forces. It will be appointed by the President of Ukraine on representation of the chief of the General staff. The commander of the United forces has the right to restrict the entry of persons to the temporarily occupied territory of Donetsk and Lugansk regions and their exit from such areas.
What has changed in the new edition
The deputies added to the bill mentions about the occupation of the Crimea and city of Sevastopol, which was not in the previous edition. However, the start date of the occupation of Crimea and Donbas in the document was not entered.
Parliamentarians have significantly detailed work of the joint operations headquarters. It is responsible for planning, organizing and monitoring the operations in the conflict zone. Also he will control the entire military-civilian administrations in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions.
If earlier it was suggested that the operational staff will be responsible for the movement of goods from the occupied territories, now this function is vested in the Cabinet.
It is important that the law does not change any tactics or strategy of military operations on Donbass. A recognition the Russian Federation as an aggressor in the future to help Ukraine in international courts.
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